The group "Experimental Physics II - Reactive Plasmas" at the faculty of physics and astronomy at Ruhr University Bochum.

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Chemistry of Nanosecond Plasmas in water

Discharges in liquids are the basis of a range of applications in electrochemistry, waste water treatment or plasma medicine. One advantage of discharges in water is their ability to produce radicals and molecules directly inside liquid with a high conversion efficiency. In this study, H2O2 production in a 10 ns pulsed discharge in water is investigated. The dynamic of these discharges is based on plasma ignition directly inside liquid followed by the formation of a bubble which expands in time before it eventually collapsed. This sequence can be well described by cavitation theory. H2O2 is produced using different plasma conditions varying the treatment time, the pulse frequency between 1 and 100 Hz and the applied voltage in a range from 15 kV to 30 kV. The resulting H2O2 concentration is measured using absorption spectroscopy ex-situ based on a colorimetry method. The results indicate that the main parameter controlling the H2O2 production constitutes the applied voltage. The measured concentrations are compared with a global chemistry model simulating the chemistry involved during a single pulse using pressures and temperatures from the cavitation model. In addition, a global chemical equilibrium model for H2O2 creation is evaluated as well. The models show a good agreement with the data. The energy efficiency for production of H2O2 reaches values up to 4.6 g kW/h.

Release Date
Permanent Identifier (URI)
Is supplementing
Plasma Source Name
Plasma Source Application
Plasma Source Properties
14 to 26 kV applied to a 50 µm tungsten tip. 10 ns pulses at 1 to 100 Hz repetition.
Plasma Target Name
English (United States)
Public Access Level
Funding Agency
Contact Name
Achim von Keudell
Contact Email

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